Measuring and Cutting Tools


The Basics Home decorator sewing requires the same basic equipment as dressmaker sewing, with the addition of tools for measuring windows and furniture. Using the proper equipment makes the work easier and the results more satisfying. 1) Needle threader eases threading of hand and machine needles. 2) Pins with plastic or glass heads are easier to see and handle. 3) Thimble protects your middle finger when you sew by hand. 4) Needles for general hand sewing are Shil1PS. Buy a package of assorted sizes for various sewing tasks. 5) T-pins are long, sturdy, broad-headed pins which are used to anchor fabrics to solid surfaces. 6) Quilting pins are extra long and useful for working with heavy or thick materials. 7) All-purpose thread is used for hand and machine sewing on most fabrics. Choose all-cotton, cotton Wrapped polyester or all-polyester thread, depending on the fiber content of the fabric.

Measuring Tools The most important consideration in home decorator sewing is accurate measuring. The following measuring aids help you make correct calculations for buying and cutting fabric. 1) Carpenter’s square is an L-shaped ruler, used to determine the perfect right angles and square corners that are essential to the fit of curtains, shades, tablecloths and pillows. 2) Wood folding ruler is used for measuring large areas. Because of its stability, this ruler is more accurate than a tape measure. 3) Yardstick is used for measuring long, flat lengths of fabric, and for marking and squaring grain lines. The surface of the yardstick should be smooth so it does not snag fabric. 4) Spring-return metal tape measures windows and other large areas. It is also handy for measuring around curves. 5) Seam gauge makes quick, short measurements such as those for hems. The 6″ (15 em) metal or plastic ruler has a sliding marker for accuracy in measuring.

Marking & Cutting Tools After making careful calculations and taking accurate measurements mark and cut the fabric in preparation for sewing. Have on hand an assortment of marking tools for various fabric colors and textures. Good quality cutting tools are also a smart investment. 1) Cutting board is marked with horizol1t.al and vertical lines, and is useful for laying out and cutting lengths of fabric up to 2 yards (1.85 meters). It is made of heavy cardboard so fabric can he pinned in place. Two boards may be necessary for large items such as floor-length curtains. 2) ‘Tailor’s chalk is specially designed to mark directly on fabric and rub off easily. 3) Trimmers have straight handles and are used for trimming and straightening edges. A lightweight, slim blade aids accuracy, 4) Seam ripper is used to remove stitches. Use it with care to avoid ripping fabric. 5) Bent handled shears allow fabric to remain flat during cutting. Shears should be lightweight, easy to handle and 8″ or 9″ (20.5 or 23 cm) long. 6) Liquid marking pencils make sharp, defined lines on firm fabrics. One type of pencil makes a mark that can be removed with dear water; the other makes a mark that disappears in 18 hours. Test marking pencils on a fabric scrap before using. Ironing permanently sets the markings; if markings are on the right side of the fabric; do not press until they are removed. Notions Notions serve three purposes in home decorator sewing. Some, such as the rings used on Roman shades, are essential to the construction of an item; others, such as fusible web and fabric glue, make sewing easier. Notions such as braids, trims, pipings and ribbons are simply decorative. 1) Decorative trims such as bias tape (la), piping (lb) and ribbon (1c) are available in a wide range of colors and styles to complement the items you sew. Select trims with the same care requirements as the decorator fabric. 2) Cords, tapes and rings (2a) have specific uses on certain projects. These notions are described in the directions for projects which require them. 3) Fusible web is used for hemming or for bonding two layers of fabric together; It is available in narrow strips for hems, or in 18″ (46 cm) widths for fusing larger areas. 4) Fabric adhesives such as glue stick (4a) and craft or white glue'(4b) may be used for temporary basting, or for permanently applying batting or trims to items which will not receive much handling. 5) Liquid fray preventer dries invisibly and prevents the raw edge of fabric from fraying. Use it as a temporary agent to prevent raveling while working with fabric, or as permanent finish oil exposed seams and edges. 6) Stain-resistant spray can be used on many home decorating items to prevent spills from soaking into fabric. To apply, follow instructions on the container.

Posted specially for viewers of pattern-making who write and asked for this information, hope this help, good luck

{Credit} Singer Sewing for the Home Copyright 1984-1988

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